HIST. OF ANTIOCH / ANTIOCH TRAVEL CLUB

DID YOU KNOW THIS ?

Antakya Mosaic Museum is second;by the mosaic at the world. 
 
St. Pierre Church is the first Christian cave church
 
The Asi River reverse flows from South to North. 
 
Habib-I Neccar Mosque is the first mosque in Anatolia. 
 
Hatay is the only province which became an independent state in the history of the Republic of Turkey. 
 
Antioch which was founded by the Great Alexandre’s General I Nicaton, B.C 300. And it was the third biggest city of the world at the Roman period. 
 
Antioch at the Roman period it was the cridle of the Olympic Games of the world. 
 
The coins collection of Antioch Archeology Museum is the third in the world. 
 
Illuminated by torches the first colonnaded street(Herod) is in Antioch. 
 
 

FOUNDATION OF  ANTIOCH

Antigonus And Seleucus, who are the commanders of Alexander the Great, fought against each other to rule over Mesopotamia and Syria. Victory was Seleucus’s. “Seleucus who wants to found a new city, wishes zeus lead him the way, sacrifices an animal to Zeus. An eagle snatches a piece of the sacrificed animal’s meat, flies away and lands on the skirt of Mount Silpiyus and The River Orontes. Seleucus believes that this is the sign of Zeus.” The city was founded in 300 B.C. The planning of the city was given to Xenarius. Xenarius made the city plan in the form of taking advantage of the sunlight in winter and the winds in summer.
Seleucus’s father’s name, Antiochus, was given to the city. The city had been the capital of Seleucus Kingdom until it entered Roman sovereignity in 64 B.C. The city, which had flourished in a short time during Seleucus Dynasty, had attained to a great fame. After entering Roman sovereignity, the city became the third largest city of Roman Empire after Rome and Alexandria and had had  a very brilliant period. “ANTIOCH”, the place where the civilizations has met civilization, where the beliefs united with the love of God and became free…
 
 
   
 

Highlights of Antakya

 
St.Pierre Kilisesi

St. Pierre Church;It is 2 km away from Antioch on the road of Reyhanlı and on the skirt of Stauris Mount.It’s a natural cave that its width is 9.5 m. And its lenght is 7 m.After Jesus had died one of his disciple St Pierre came to Antioch in the first century A.D..

 

He began his suggestions in Antioch.The word “Christian” who believe in Jesus ,created in Antioch.The Pope VI.Paul announced that St Pierre Church is a hajj place for Christians,in 1963.Every year on 29th June,there are celebrations of St Pierre festival.

 
 

Haron ; Haron is 20 m. away from St. Pierre Church.There is a huge a portrait stone sculpture.It is a human sculpture which has a head-scarf.It was created in the period of Antiochus.In this period ,there was a epidemic disease of plague.In order to heal people ,a soothsayer had an advice.He said to people that you had to build a  portrait sculptor which have a view of the city from a high place and had some words about death preventing.Today,tou can see these words.

 
 

Hatay(Antioch) Archeology Museum ; It is the second richest museum with regard to mosaic and the third richest museum with regard to coin collection. There are antique ornament goods,sculptures,graves found in Antioch,Accana,Cevlik and Iskenderun.It is in the centre of the city.

 
 
Titus-Vespasianus T�neli

 Titus- Vespasianus Tunnel ; In order to protect Selvkeia City and harbor, in 69 A.D. in the period of Vesposianus ten thousands of slaves built a tunnel and canal by carving the stone mount. It took 10 years to accomplish the task and ended up in the period of Titus (81 A.D.), son of Vespasianus. 

 

The Canal has 1.330 m. length and the tunnel has 130m. length and 7 m. height and 6 m. width. There are 13 stone tombs near Titus- Vespasianus tunnel. Cave is the widest and the most famous of them.

 
   
 

Cradle Cave ; Cradle cave where is one of the most important finding of “Seleukeia Pieria” or in other words “Seleukeia at Pieria” antique city is located 300 hectares area at Samandağ Çevlik village is burial grounds complex wich area chased to rock all over.Its described by 18 th and 19 th century travelers as Kings Vault at travel books.Gravures are drawn by W.Bralett.There are which grave room exists is prepared as Necropolis area which is called city deads in ancient times.

 

St. Simeon Monastery ; It was built on the hill which is 479 m. high, in  the area of the town of Akpınar of Samandağ. The Monastery, built in the sixth century A.D, has a stone column in the middle of octagon courtyard . St. Simon came to there in 541 B.C. and died in 592 B.C. It is believed that he had lived on this column until he died. 

  Harbiye (Daphne);It’s 10 kilometers away from Antioch. Springs that come to light from the south side of the valley, reach to the Asi River after constructing waterfalls. The region that is known called Harbiye was named as Kastalia, Pallas and Samandra in ancient times.
 Defne, which was famous for its waterfalls, and used for summer resort, also had a fame of it’s wooden houses made by the rich people, temples and entertainment places in that era. In the era of Emperor Gallus, Harbiye began to lose its magnificence, and never returned to its famous times after the Arab invasion. Today , Harbiye is one of the most important entertainment and holiday tourism center with its restaurants each of which has 300-500 people quota. 

Selevkeia Pierria ( Çevlik) Ruins ; It is in the border Kapısuyu Village of Samandağ. It is established by Selevkoses in order to be capital of the country. However, the defense of the city was weak, and could easily be attacked by foreign languages. Thus, Antioch established and it became capital of the Country. Selevkeia developed as a trade city because of its wide coast. The city had its brilliant days in the period of Rome. In the city there are antique harbor remnants, Titus- Vespasianus Tunnel, Dor temple, and stone graves.

Antakya Surları Antioch City Walls ; Antioch city wall was built by Emperor Justinyen in 526 A.D. In ancient times , Antioch was surrounded by high city walls. In Selevkos and Rome periods, the higher city walls were built and there were 360 watchman tower and there were a main castle at the top of the mount.There are only a little remnants of city walls left and the main castle is a ruin , too.

 

 

Habib-i Neccar CamiiHabib-i Neccar Mosque ; It is the first mosque built in Anatolia and Islam is spread from Antioch to Anatolia.Habib-i Neccar  Mosque was built by Ebu Ubeyde Bin Cerrah ,a commander of Omar in 636 A.D..Habib-i Neccar i s the first person ,believed in disciples of Jesus,is a shepherd .He was a holy person who was praised in the sura of Yaseen of the holy book Quran.His tomb is in the mosque and it is believed that the graves of the disciples of Jesus;Yuhanna,Pavlos and Semun Safa are also in this mosque

 

 

 

Mosque and the Tomb of Sheikh Ahmed Kuseyri ; Antakya-Yayladağı route, Antioch is the area 25 kilometers away from the Şenköy. A parent who lived during the Ottoman period, and in the same courtyard mosque in the 16th tomb of Sheikh Ahmed Kuseyri'nin century work.

 

Hızır T�rbesi

Turbe of Hızır ; There are many turbes built in the name of Hızır in Antioch and Samandağ. But most famous one is the Turbe of Hızır at the coast of Samandağ which is believed that Hızır and Moses met with.

Hıdırbey in Samandağ a great plane tree in the village are protected. Estimated to be 800-1000 years old, but it is a tree that is believed to be among the population between the ages of 2000-3000. Body circumference of 35 meters. This tree Hz. Moses' staff ab-i-life (immortality juice) germinate and take root, thanks thanks discusses myths that have occurred.

 

 Ulu Camii
Ulu Mosque
It is near Ata Bridge in the centre of Antioch and it is the second oldest mosque of Antioch.It is predicted that it is an art of Memluk period.From legends it is predicted that the mosque and its minaret were restored in different periods.
 
There are some Ottoman mosques;Mahremiye Mosque,Nakip Mosque,Yeni Mosque,Civelek Mosque,Meydan mosque and Seyh Ali Mosque.There are two types of mosque style; domed and wooden roof styles.
 

 

Orthodox Church (St. Peter and St. Paul);
 
The construction of the church in Antioch, Liberty Street started in the 1860s, but it was badly damaged in the earthquake of 1872, was completed in 1900, construction work began again.

 

The Catholic Church; 1977'deKapusu priests out of the house in 1991, the church has undergone restoration, the Catholic Church is acting time.This örneğidir.Kilisenin 71-year-old priest Domenico classic architecture Antioch Antioch wrote of t; first came here, and here yaşadılar.Hıristiyanlar Jerusalem to the apostles later than ANTIOCH, and then come in Rome.

 

Protestant Church;
 
Although there is no evangelical Protestants Registered funding dissociating from South Korea about 50 mt from the drop-down church, the governor of Hatay to the restoration of an old house converted into a church of Antioch.

 

The period of the French Embassy and the French Bank stone building used as a church. Lim Kwong Methodist Church in 2000 by the Protestant Church in South Korea have been used.

 

Synagogue, the building is estimated that in the 1700s as a synagogue. Hebrew Torah in the synagogue holy book is written on gazelle skin 500yıllık has a history.

 

Vakıflı Armenian village;
 
The south of Hatay, a face in a small village in the countryside overlooking Syria, Cyprus Vakıflı face. The characteristic that distinguishes him from the village of thousands in Turkey took place outside the boundaries of the entire population of the Armenians of Armenia, is a single residential unit. In this regard, the reputation he has exceeded the boundaries, albeit small, the problems of the European Union (EU) diplomats was not even on the agenda.
Even with the recent European Commission Ambassador to Turkey Kreschmer visited the village with two AP parliamentarian. Of course, the American CNN International and the German Deutsche Welle media outlets, such as the two world giants.
 

 

Bath challenge; Seljuk period on various dates since yapılarındandır.1122 Isaac Solomon, Ayyubid and Jafar was restored by landowners.

 

 

 

Streets Antioch : Antioch, which is a typical example of the Hellenistic era streets of cities, orthogonal to each other depending on the grid plan was developed.

 

 

 

Long Bazaar : Antioch, local products and handicrafts need to spice up any kind of substance that contains authentic arcade.

 

 

 

Antakya Tyche’si ; Located near the village of the town of Samandağ Magaracik heykeldir.Roma bronze age artifacts of 8 cm tall and 83.5 cm high, made ​​by the Hellenistic era Eutychides sculptor.

 

 
Bayezid-i Bestami Makamı
Bayazid Bastami Authority; Kırıkhan north Darbısak Alaybeyli village located just in front of a hill and is located in the citadel. This castle was one of the most important castles Principality of Antioch.
 
Belen providing security gate entrance to the northern castle lost its importance after by Baybars in 1268.
19th Alexis Mustafa Pasha at the end of the century Karamürselzade here Bayazid Bastami on behalf of the Islamic saints built a mosque and visit the place. Some parts of the castle partially standing
 
Payas Sokulu Mehmet Paşa K�lliyesi

Sokulu Mehmet Pasha Mosque Payas, Payas region Dörtyol District. Sokullu Mehmet Pasha Mosque in 1574 by Mimar Sinan examples of Ottoman architecture. Within the complex, 45 shops, a soup kitchen, double bath, there are mosques and madrasas.

 

Bakras Castle; In the same with the name the aforementioned the village, immediately top of the tarafındadır.Köyün the path Antakya-İskenderun highway 27.km. detected in ayrılır.Yolun the west, between the mountains is a steep hill onto the yapılmıştır.Önceleri Belen gateway's the entry, Antakya, Turkey has been installed then after the If the of Seleucus, the capital city protection to the objectives served. During the period of the Crusaders, the most important defense point north Principality of Antioch.

 

Girls Palace; Reyhanlı-Aleppo on asphalt (the buffer zone), which controls the area bulunmaktadır.Bu the palace of the Byzantine Period, and that is a center cutting large blocks sanılmaktadır.Saray stones on both sides of the entrance gate at the higher frame yıkılmıştır.Orta part girilmektedir.Giriş a planned tower.

 

Koz Castle ; Altınözü'ne Altınözü used in ages to come by on the Trump Village yakınındadır.Eski through Harbiye Kuseyr way from Antioch Antioch üzerindedir.Bu castle in the southern region of the Principality of Antioch was made in order to secure the sanılmaktadır.Antakya Latin Patriarch of residence in the castle, which was delivered in 1268 as a result of the siege by Baybars.

 
 

Darb-i Sak Castle ; Derb or Darb (Al-Darb) in the piedmont anlamındadır.Sak Arabic parade route, the adjacent part of the valley, the slope means. Darb-i sak castle, in BC 333, Ponts, Issos war against the Persian King Darius before Alexander the Great founded the headquarters draws attention to the venue.

 

Payas Castle, Sokollu Payas Payas Complex batısındadır.Burada was a ruined castle harbor and shipyard built vardı.Sahile for the safety of the castle and moat completely removed and re-done in 1567.

 
 

Batıayaz; Antakya-Samandağ on the highway, 20 km from Antioch uzaklıktadır.Tarih and nature are intertwined, a highland village covered with olive and pine trees.

 

Lake yenişehir; Antakya-Cilvegözü on the road 40 km from Antioch mesafededir.Şimdi ancient settlement used as a picnic site.

 
Barlaam Manastırı

Monastery of Barlaam, Yayladağı District bulunanAntik Cassius (Keldağ) are mountain. This sanctuary was counted during the Hittite period, the property remained in the time of the Romans. The monastery and the church has undergone two separate main construction period. V. Renovation end of the century, then the additions have been made.

 
 

Issos (Epiphania) Ruins; Persian King Darius III and Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia BC 333 established during the Hellenistic and Roman times, this region was fought thrived. There are the ruins of the ancient city of the region at the moment and aqueducts.

 
A��ana Harabeleri

Atçhana ruins; Antakya-Reyhanlı highway 22 The mound is located in kilometer. Is located in an area of about 30 acres, 10,082 m2 between 1936-1938 by the archaeological excavation was conducted at the British Museum, and 17 cultural layers have been identified. Today the ruins, in the 7th floor of the King of the Half-Lim Yamhad the 4th floor of the ruins of the palace of King Niqne-Pa available.

 

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